My favourite time of the vineyard year, pruning is such a wonderful and important part of the vineyard calendar.
Pruning at Rathfinny started on the 4th of January, and our pruning team of Felix, Ian, David and (when not dragged away for other jobs-like blog writing) myself have been getting through the vines planted last year. We even managed to get Mark and his brother Philip out for an hours or so – although they struggled with the early start; they ambled up raring to go just as we were about to break for morning tea!
As I write this we are just over half way through the whole vineyard, most of the vines are being cut back to two buds to enable them to push strong healthy shoots this spring, and hopefully a small crop. The vines that have done well over the summer we are laying a short cane on the fruiting wire.
We’ve also had the ground preparation for next year’s planting begin, many thanks to our contract farmers, The Ellis’s and their staff, for giving us a helpng hand with (slightly) bigger tractors than are needed in vineyards.
On top of all this we’ve also had Richard Bartlett and his team back who have planted all our trees across the property to plant even more shelter belts in anticipation of the 2014 planting.
There has been an increase in news lately regarding last summer’s rain and the effect it will have on food and in particular nutrient levels in food. We’ve all had the question asked of us: how are the vines?Vines, trees, and other long term crops fair a little better than most short term crops.Although in general, nutrient levels have been leached over the past year, we take a more long term view of nutrients and try to keep them in balance as much as possible so that extreme weather events, such as last year’s rain, don’t effect us. Whereas crops that are seasonal and rotated each season have to add the nutrient they require for that season, so when something like last year’s rain comes along most growers will struggle to either get the nutrient on or predict nutrient requirements for the year. The better growers take a more holistic approach and ensure nutrient levels in the soil are at a level where they can easily be maintained.
Cameron Roucher – Vineyard Manager
Wine writer Hugh Johnson once called vineyard soil “the unseen dankness where the vine roots suck.” It is an often forgotten part of our process. I recently attended a seminar on the subject of soil, which got me to thinking about the many different facets of soil and why it is so fascinating.
Ok, so not everyone finds soil interesting, but consider this:
- To the farmer, soil is where crops grow.
- To the engineer, soil is a foundation on which to build.
- To the ecologist, soil supports and connects the ecosystems.
- To the archaeologist, soil holds clues to past cultures.
- to crafts people, like potters, soil provides clay to make things.
- Soil is all of these and more. Soil has been called “the skin of the earth” because it is the thin outermost layer of the Earth’s crust.
- Like our own skin, we can’t live without soil.
- Soil is the basis for all life on earth, not only delivering 90% of the food produced it most importantly delivers ALL the wine.
And through the complexities of soil we get different characteristics in our wine.
Soil (or more specifically vineyard site) is part of the trilogy of what makes a great wine, the other two pieces of the puzzle being grape variety and human input.
In a vineyard site there will always be a troublesome patch that under performs or an area that consistently produces a higher quality than those around it.
Given that if the varieties and clones are the same, this will most likely be down to soil.
While we say that here at Rathfinny we have between 15 and 30cm of topsoil over a chalk base, the truth of the matter is there is variation through the fields. Not just physically but biologically, and chemically. We are trying to work around this variation by setting up our blocks with the help of surveying the soil prior to planting.
The guys from Soilquest have just been on-site to EC map our upcoming planting. What this does is build up an accurate field map of soil variation and nutrient status by measuring electrical conductivity to two depths; we then analyze representative soil samples from each soil type zone.
This enables us to pinpoint areas of similar soil type when we set out our blocks and in turn maintain a more even and easier to manage block.
A true farmer doesn’t just grow crops, but farms the soil.
By Cameron Roucher
As the end of my first full season in a vineyard in England comes to a close I wonder what next year will bring for us?
News of some producers not harvesting due to the poor quality of their fruit and others not even having any fruit to make that decision, leaves the rest waiting for a break in the weather to harvest.
Difficult growing conditions have plagued the 2012 harvests across Europe, with reports of a significant drop in vineyard yield’s from Champagne to Bordeaux, even in Spain and Italy. This year’s UK harvest compounds a series of challenging weather events for farmers – including the worst drought in 50 years in the US and a heat wave in Russia which have led to warnings of rises in food prices globally. In the UK, the cool and wet weather over flowering in June and July both reduced and delayed the fruit set leading to smaller crops and delayed ripening in UK vineyards.
What the general public tend to forget is that a vineyard is just another form of farming (our tractor’s are just smaller). Like any weather dependent industries we are just as liable to good and bad years, which is part of the beauty of wine, it gives us the challenge of trying to make the best from what’s thrown at us, and looking forward to the years when it all goes as it should. It also means we have no two years the same. So here’s looking forward to next year!
The vineyard team has been working in all conditions this summer, with winter yet to come. They’ve done a great job of getting all the posts and wire in to support the vines – a mammoth task. They’ve just got a bit of general maintenance to do before we start to prepare next year’s planting, removal of fences and adding fertilizer adjustments. As well as our normal tasks we now have to work around our contractors for the next 12 months while they build the winery (although they are great and flying along at a terrific rate) and it doesn’t make it easy having to work around diggers, dumpers and trucks to-ing and fro-ing. Soon they’ll be into the pruning, which granted won’t be for a couple of months until the vines are fully hardened off and dormant but as with everything it will be upon us before we know it.
Cameron Roucher – Vineyard Manager